书籍作者：维克多·雨果 Victor Hugo
书籍简介: Les Misérables (literally “The Miserable Ones”; usually pronounced /leɪ ˌmɪzəˈrɑːb/; French pronunciation: [le mizeʁabl(ə)]), translated variously from the French as The Miserable Ones, The Wretched, The Poor Ones, The Wretched Poor, or The Victims, is an 1862 novel by French author Victor Hugo and is widely considered one of the greatest novels of the 19th century. It follows the lives and interactions of several French characters over a twenty-year period in the early 19th century, starting in 1815, the year of Napoleon’s final defeat at Waterloo.
The novel focuses on the struggles of ex-convict Jean Valjean and his experience of redemption. It examines the nature of law and grace, and expounds upon the history of France, architecture of Paris, politics, moral philosophy, antimonarchism, justice, religion, and the types and nature of romantic and familial love. The story is historical fiction because it contains factual, historic events, including the Paris Uprising of 1832 (not to be confused with the much earlier French Revolution).
Les Misérables is known to many through its numerous stage and screen adaptations, such as the stage musical of the same name, sometimes abbreviated “Les Mis” (pronounced /leɪ ˈmɪz/).
《悲惨世界》（Les Misérables），是法国作家维克多·雨果于1862年所发表的一部长篇小说。是十九世纪最著名的小说之一。小说涵盖了拿破仑战争和之后的十几年的时间。故事的主线围绕主人公获释罪犯冉阿让（Jean Valjean）试图赎罪的历程，融进了法国的历史，建筑，政治，道德哲学，法律，正义，宗教信仰。1958年法国导演让.保罗·李塞诺拍摄过同名电影，2006年日本出品了根据原著改编的动画片《悲惨世界少女柯塞特》 。《悲惨世界》也是百老汇著名的音乐剧，是音乐剧史上上演时间仅次于《猫》的旷世佳作。